Theory of Multiple Intelligence was developed by Dr. Howard Gardner and was published for the first time in his book called “Frames of Mind”. ?Howard suggests in the book that everyone’s brain is unique and no two people can have the same kind of intelligence.? As per Gardner, common methods of measuring intelligence by I.Q. testing is too doubtful and is partial to certain kinds of individual with over emphasis on reading, writing and arithmetic skills alone, and a person’s future success is judged accordingly.
All people have intelligences, but in changing amounts such that each person has a different make-up according to Gardner. These intelligences are based in various areas of the brain and can work together or independently also. But what all are nine intelligences? Each intelligence is mentioned below. As you will read through them, give a thought about your own personal interests, abilities and skills, of whether any particular intelligence that may apply to you. Howard Gardner formulated a list of multiple intelligences.
Bodily kinaesthetic intelligence deals with body movements and handle objects skillfully. Individuals strong in this kind of intelligence are best suited for doing something physical in apposite to typical classroom teaching like reading or listening. These people have good sense of balance and have perfect eye-hand coordination and make good use of body language while expressing feelings and thoughts. Extremely adroit, flexible body they have. Dancers, athletes, surgeons, craftsmen, gymnasts, magician drama coach are some of the occupations that require motor skills and suits people strong in kinaesthetic intelligence.
Linguistic intelligence is ability to use words and language. People strong in linguistic skills are good in reading, writing, discussing or listening to lectures. They have highly developed auditory skills and are capable of developing language skills. Linguistic people are good at remembering people’s names, places, dates or trivial matters. They think in words rather than pictures and can be good writers, editors, sociologists, TV or radio presenter, teacher, journalist and lawyers.
People having musical intelligence are sensitive to sounds, music, tones and rhythms. They display strong abilities in pitch identification, singing, and music playing or composing. These people love music and like to learn musical instruments and excel in imitating and memorizing voices. Individuals having musical intelligence are strongly sensitive to environmental sounds (e.g. bells, crickets, dripping taps). Occupations like music teacher, composer, disc jockey, pianist, violinist and players are the right choices for this kind of intelligence.
Naturalist intelligence is the ability to identify and classify patterns in nature. People who have this kind of naturalist intelligence learn well by doing something outside the classroom or by doing something physically. They progress in subjects that require collecting and analyzing, or are closely related to nature. They enjoy flora and fauna and care a lot about the environment and ecosystem. Mostly, they like to stay outdoors and love to observe nature. Natural intelligence individuals may work as farmers, gardeners, botanists, geologists, florists, and archaeologists, FBI agents who distinguish fingerprints.
Existential intelligence refers to a person's ability to reflect inwardly when learning and interacting with others. These people enjoy thinking and questioning about life’s ultimate realities. Frequently inspired and good at understanding themselves, they have their own first choices and confidence. Careers that draw existential people are human resources workers, ministry, psychiatrist, philosopher, psychologists, social workers and counselors.